Montezuma Castle among Arizona national park sites combating vandalism

Montezuma Castle National Monument is wrapping trees to prevent vandalism.

In March, natural resources technicians at the national monument used
burlap to cover the bark of six Arizona sycamore trees along public
trails at Montezuma Castle. Portions of the bark were written and carved
on. Many of the carvings included the year, which made it obvious there
had been a recent increase in incidents.

But national park vandalism isn’t just a problem at Montezuma Castle –
it’s been an issue many Arizona national park sites have dealt with.

While incidences of defaced trees have increased at Montezuma Castle
in the past few years, the method of wrapping them in burlap has never
been used there, according to a representative from the monument.

Rangers chose to cover the trees in burlap because it is resistant to
cutting and can be used through the warm spring and summer months
without risking the health of the trees. The burlap is intended to give
the trees a chance to recover from their injuries and to enhance visitor
experience by covering graffiti on the bark.

Before they resorted to burlap-wrapping, Montezuma Castle National
Monument rangers had posted signs near the trees and stationed
volunteers to speak with visitors to discourage tree defacement and
explain its harm. The trees, however, remained frequently carved, not
leaving enough time for the old carvings to shed carved bark before new
ones were added.

The sign on each wrapped tree reads: “This tree has been vandalized.
Defacing trees is vandalism. Please help us preserve and protect our
nation’s unique natural and cultural heritage. Do not write on or carve
the trees.”

Defacement and vandalism of trees at the site would be considered a
federal misdemeanor, which could be punishable by six months in jail or a
$5,000 fine.

In the past, carvings were few and small enough that natural
resources technicians at the park could safely fill them in with wood
glue and sawdust. If that method were used to cover the current extent
of the damage, however, it would harm the tree’s health, according to
the monument representative.

The National Park Service, which manages Montezuma Castle National
Monument, investigates crimes at national parks through its National
Park Service Investigative Services Branch. The branch has been
successful at preventing vandalism at a different Arizona park – Saguaro
National Park.

Saguaro National Park spokesperson Cam Juárez said the park’s most
recent act of vandalism was in 2016, when someone cut down eight or nine
saguaro cactuses. Juárez said that visitors to the park are discouraged
from vandalism because they know it has consequences, such as fines.

“We have an amazing law enforcement team here,” Juárez said of the park.

Juárez said, however, there is not enough staff to have investigative
units at every national park in Arizona, and some struggle with

“I think our law enforcement teams … are definitely understaffed, and
that’s a problem nationwide, and I think they all do their best to
interact within current units but also interact with local law
enforcement,” Juárez said.

Therefore, the parks have to trust the public to act responsibly, Juárez said.

“It’s impossible to close off a national park. … It’s hard to keep
people out,” he said. “We’re just hoping that people do the right

The park rangers tend to be effective at preventing smaller acts of
vandalism, such as breaking into cars or stealing personal items, Juárez

“The community is definitely part of that process in protecting our natural and cultural resources,” Juárez said.

Richard Ullmann, program manager for visitor services for Flagstaff
Area National Monuments, said visitors play the largest role in
mitigating park vandalism.

“Majority of the people understand and do the right thing,” Ullmann
said. “We assume good intentions when visitors come to the national

Educating people about the harmful effects of vandalism is crucial to
preventing it in the future, Ullmann said. If a person is caught
vandalizing a national park, Ullmann said he hopes to give them an
opportunity to learn and to demonstrate better behavior.

“In the case of an act of vandalism, it’s an opportunity to help that
individual or that person or group of people do something different
next time,” Ullmann said. “It’s an educational opportunity.”